Melting and solidification

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Melting and solidification find application in the geophysical sciences; industrial forming operations such as casting and laser drilling; latent heat energy storage systems; and food and pharmaceutical processing. Any manmade metal products must undergo liquid forms at some point during manufacturing processes and solidify to form intermediate or final products.

One-Region, two-Region, and multi-region problems, conduction and convection controlled melting and solidification.
Governing equations, one-region problem, two-region problem.
Description of integral solution, one-region problem, two-region problem, ablation, and melting and solidification in cylindrical coordinate systems.

Enthalpy method, equivalent heat capacity method, and temperature-transforming model.

Integral approximate method, mixture model and volume-averaging model.

6.7 Contact Melting 6.7.1 Fixed Melting and Contact Melting 6.7.2 Contact Melting in a Rectangular Cavity 6.8 Melting and Solidification in Porous Media 6.8.1 Convection-Controlled One-Region Melting Problem 6.8.2 An Enthalpy Model for Two-Region Melting/Solidification

,numerical solution, effect of natural cvonvection, and melting and solidification in porous media.