Melting and solidification

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Melting and solidification find application in the geophysical sciences; industrial forming operations such as casting and laser drilling; latent heat energy storage systems; and food and pharmaceutical processing. Any manmade metal products must undergo liquid forms at some point during manufacturing processes and solidify to form intermediate or final products.

Description of integral solution, one-region problem, two-region problem, ablation, and melting and solidification in cylindrical coordinate systems.
Enthalpy method, equivalent heat capacity method, and temperature-transforming model.
Integral approximate method, mixture model and volume-averaging model.
Convection-controlled melting problem, and an enthalpy model for melting and solidification.

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